Practical and Innovative practices by tilapia farmers during extreme weather events in selected regions of the country.

1) Function of Trees, Crops and Turfs on Pond

Dikes Heavy rainfall during extreme weather event can erode and destroy pond dikes. The fish farmers’ common practices of integrating crops, trees and turfs planted on pond dikes are directly preventing soil erosion and holding soils through the plants’ stable root systems.

2) Utilization of Submerged and Floating Aquatic Macrophytes

Aquatic plants could be utilized as bio-indicators and benchmark for water quality in aquaculture. These plants are sensitive to physico-chemical changes like pH, temperature and dissolved nutrients, eutrophication, or changes in water levels and flows. In addition, aquatic plants could serve as fish shelter or sanctuary and provide shades against extreme sunlight, breeding substrate, and restraints against fish predators.

3) Local Knowledge on Water Quality Improvement and Better Management of Water Resources as Functions of Rural Aquaculture Production Sustainability

Condition and water quality characteristics in aquaculture systems are highly influenced by important factors like sources of water and types of rocks and soil in watershed near farm site. Better practices on water management and water quality improvement sustain farm productivity and resiliency to climate change effects.

4) Local Knowledge on Farm Management and Resilience to Extreme Conditions 

Local knowledge can be unified with scientific information in the development of better adaptation techniques to increase resilience to extreme weather. Future attempt to address information gaps through validation and scientific research on important innovative farming practices in rural farms may well provide significant information and knowledge to local fish farming communities.